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In recent years, scientific research has unearthed a profound connection between our gut and brain health. The gut-brain axis, as it's called, reveals that the state of our gut can significantly influence our mental well-being. In this blog, we will delve into the intricate relationship between poor gut health, food intolerances, and the development of depression and anxiety.

Understanding Food Intolerances:

Food intolerances are adverse reactions to certain foods that don't involve the immune system, as in allergies, but can lead to various physical and mental symptoms. Common intolerances include lactose intolerance (difficulty digesting dairy), gluten intolerance (non-celiac gluten sensitivity), and sensitivities to specific food components like histamines or fructose.

When individuals with food intolerances consume trigger foods, their digestive system struggles to process them properly. This can result in symptoms such as bloating, gas, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. While these gastrointestinal symptoms are common, the effects of food intolerances can extend far beyond the gut.

The Gut-Brain Connection:

The gut-brain axis is a bidirectional communication system connecting the gut and the brain. This intricate network involves various signaling pathways, hormones, and the gut's microbiome (a collection of trillions of microbes residing in the gastrointestinal tract).

Research suggests that the gut microbiome plays a pivotal role in modulating brain function and behavior. When there is an imbalance in the gut microbiota, it can lead to a condition called dysbiosis. Dysbiosis may trigger inflammation and disrupt the balance of neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine, which are essential for regulating mood and emotions.

The Impact on Mental Health:

  1. Depression: Studies have found a strong association between gut health, inflammation, and depression. Inflammation triggered by gut dysbiosis can lead to increased permeability of the intestinal lining, allowing harmful substances to enter the bloodstream. This process, known as leaky gut, can trigger an immune response and inflammation in the brain, potentially contributing to depressive symptoms.
  2. Anxiety: Anxiety disorders are also influenced by the gut-brain axis. Dysbiosis and inflammation in the gut can send signals to the brain that may increase anxiety and heighten stress responses. Additionally, the gut microbiome can impact the production of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a neurotransmitter that helps regulate anxiety. An imbalance in GABA can lead to increased feelings of anxiety and restlessness.

The Role of Diet:

Diet plays a pivotal role in shaping gut health and, consequently, mental well-being. A diet high in processed foods, added sugars, and artificial additives can promote dysbiosis and inflammation. On the other hand, a diet rich in fiber, prebiotics, and probiotics can support a healthy gut microbiome.

Managing Food Intolerances and Improving Gut Health:

  1. Identify Food Intolerances: If you suspect food intolerances are contributing to your mental health issues, consider keeping a food diary to track your symptoms in relation to your meals. Elimination diets or medical testing with a trained functional medicine practitioner who has expertise in gut health can help pinpoint trigger foods.
  2. Nourish Your Gut: Focus on a diet rich in whole, unprocessed foods. Incorporate fiber from fruits, vegetables, and good quality proteins to promote a diverse gut microbiome. Consider adding fermented foods like yogurt, unsweetened kefir, and sauerkraut to introduce beneficial probiotics.
  3. Stress Management: Chronic stress can negatively impact gut health and exacerbate mental health conditions. Practice stress-reduction techniques such as mindfulness, meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises.
  4. Probiotic Supplements: In some cases, probiotic supplements may help restore gut balance. Consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most suitable probiotic strain for your needs.

In conclusion, the connection between poor gut health, food intolerances, and mental health issues like depression and anxiety is becoming increasingly evident. Recognizing the profound influence of the gut-brain axis can empower individuals to take steps to improve their gut health and potentially alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. By adopting a gut-friendly diet and addressing food intolerances, individuals can foster a healthier, happier mind and body.

Women's health is a complex and multifaceted topic that encompasses far more than annual check-ups and routine screenings. While medical guidelines often focus on the basics, several critical aspects of women's well-being are frequently overlooked. In this blog, we'll shed light on some of the most commonly ignored areas of women's health, addressing hormone balance, autoimmune conditions, the caregiver burden, and societal expectations.

1. Hormone Balance: Beyond Fertility Testing

Hormone balance plays a pivotal role in women's health, influencing everything from mood and energy levels to overall vitality. However, traditional healthcare often only delves into hormone testing when a woman is trying to conceive. This limited focus fails to address the broader spectrum of hormonal imbalances that can affect women throughout their lives. Comprehensive hormone testing and treatment options should be available to women at all stages, helping them manage conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), perimenopause, and more.

2. Women and Autoimmune Diseases

Autoimmune diseases, which occur when the immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells, affect women disproportionately due to exposure of toxins, hormone imbalances, high stress, and other factors that women are more likely exposed to compared to men. Ignoring the prevalence of autoimmune conditions in women can lead to delayed diagnoses and inadequate treatment. Conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and multiple sclerosis often affect women more frequently than men. Recognizing the unique challenges faced by women with autoimmune diseases is essential for providing them with proper care and support.

3. The Caregiver Burden

Women frequently find themselves in the role of primary caregivers for their families. This dual responsibility of caring for loved ones while maintaining a demanding job can lead to chronic stress, burnout, and neglect of their own health. The caregiver burden is often overlooked by healthcare professionals, leaving women without adequate guidance on managing their physical and emotional well-being. It's crucial to acknowledge the challenges caregivers face and provide resources to help them prioritize self-care.

4. The Myth of Superwoman

Society often perpetuates the myth of the "superwoman" – women who are expected to excel in their careers, maintain immaculate homes, nurture their families, and look flawless while doing it all. This unrealistic ideal can lead to immense stress and self-imposed pressure to meet impossible standards. Women need support in dismantling these societal expectations, allowing them to prioritize self-care, set boundaries, and seek help when needed.

5. The Importance of Rest and Self-Care

In the pursuit of fulfilling multiple roles and responsibilities, women often neglect the basics of self-care and rest. Sleep deprivation, chronic stress, and a lack of downtime can take a significant toll on physical and mental health. Women must recognize the importance of self-care and prioritize rest as a fundamental aspect of overall well-being. Implementing strategies such as meditation, exercise, and setting aside "me time" can help women recharge and thrive.

In conclusion, women's health encompasses a broad spectrum of factors that extend beyond routine check-ups. By acknowledging the significance of hormone balance, addressing autoimmune conditions, recognizing the caregiver burden, challenging societal expectations, and emphasizing the importance of rest and self-care, we can take a more holistic approach to women's well-being. It's time to shift the narrative surrounding women's health, ensuring that all aspects of their physical and emotional health are acknowledged and supported.

Depression is a complex and multifaceted condition that affects individuals across the lifespan, regardless of gender. However, research suggests that women may be more susceptible to depression during specific life stages due to hormonal fluctuations, environmental factors, and unique physiological characteristics. In this blog, we'll explore when women are most likely to experience depression and the various factors contributing to this vulnerability.

Hormonal Rollercoaster: Perimenopause and Menopause

For many women, hormonal shifts are an integral part of their lives, particularly during perimenopause and menopause. During these stages, which typically occur in the late 40s and early 50s, women undergo significant changes in hormone levels. The decline in estrogen and progesterone can impact mood regulation and contribute to depressive symptoms.

Estrogen, in particular, plays a crucial role in regulating neurotransmitters like serotonin, which are essential for maintaining mood stability. As estrogen levels decline, some women may experience symptoms akin to clinical depression, such as low mood, irritability, and emotional instability. It's essential to recognize that not all women will experience depression during perimenopause or menopause, but the hormonal changes can increase vulnerability.

Xenoestrogens and Environmental Exposure

Beyond natural hormonal fluctuations, women face unique challenges related to their exposure to environmental toxins. Xenoestrogens, which are synthetic compounds that mimic estrogen in the body, are found in various everyday products, including cosmetics, plastics, and pesticides. Women, on average, are exposed to thousands more harmful chemicals than men, and these chemicals can disrupt hormonal balance.

The impact of xenoestrogens on women's health extends beyond their role in hormone-related cancers. These endocrine disruptors can interfere with the delicate hormonal equilibrium, potentially contributing to mood disturbances and increased susceptibility to depression. Limiting exposure to xenoestrogens through conscious choices in personal care products and household items can be a crucial step in supporting mental health.

Gut Health and Inflammation: A Women's Issue

Emerging research suggests that women are more prone to gastrointestinal disorders like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) than men. These conditions are characterized by chronic inflammation in the gut and can significantly impact overall well-being. The gut-brain connection is well-established, and disturbances in gut health can influence mood and contribute to symptoms of depression.

Additionally, women are more likely to experience autoimmune diseases, which result from an overactive immune response targeting the body's own tissues. Conditions like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and multiple sclerosis are more prevalent in women and are associated with an increased risk of depression. The chronic nature of autoimmune diseases and the toll they take on physical health can have profound effects on mental well-being.

Taking Charge of Women's Mental Health

Understanding when women are most likely to experience depression is just one piece of the puzzle. It's essential to recognize the intricate interplay of hormones, environmental factors, and individual vulnerabilities that contribute to mental health challenges. To support women's mental health, several proactive steps can be taken:

  1. Hormone Management: For women navigating perimenopause or menopause, hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) may be options to explore. Consultation with a healthcare provider knowledgeable in hormone balance is crucial for tailored solutions.
  2. Reducing Toxin Exposure: Opt for natural and eco-friendly personal care products, minimize the use of plastic containers, and choose organic foods when possible to limit exposure to xenoestrogens.
  3. Gut Health: Prioritize a diet rich in fiber, fermented foods, and prebiotics to support gut health. Consider consulting with a healthcare practitioner to address gastrointestinal issues.
  4. Mental Health Support: If experiencing depressive symptoms, seeking professional mental health support is essential. Therapy, counseling, and support groups can provide valuable tools for managing depression.
  5. Holistic Approach: Embrace a holistic approach to health, including regular exercise, stress management techniques, and maintaining a strong social support network.

In conclusion, understanding when women are most likely to get depressed involves recognizing the intricate relationship between hormonal shifts, environmental factors, and unique health challenges they face. By taking proactive steps to address hormonal balance, reduce toxin exposure, support gut health, seek mental health support when needed, and adopt a holistic approach to well-being, women can navigate these vulnerabilities and prioritize their mental health throughout their lives.

Mental health disorders affect millions of individuals worldwide, making it a significant concern in modern healthcare. However, the field of mental health diagnosis and treatment is far from straightforward. Misdiagnosis is not uncommon, and there is growing recognition that mental well-being is deeply interconnected with various bodily systems. Functional medicine, a holistic approach to healthcare, emphasizes the importance of considering the entire body when addressing mental health issues. In this blog, we explore the complexities of misdiagnosis in mental health and how functional medicine offers a more comprehensive perspective.

The Limitations of Traditional Mental Health Diagnosis

Traditional mental health diagnosis primarily relies on assessing the brain's functions and behaviors. While psychiatric evaluations, psychological assessments, and brain imaging techniques provide valuable insights, they often overlook crucial factors that contribute to mental health challenges.

Functional Medicine: A Holistic Approach to Mental Health

Functional medicine takes a more holistic approach to mental health, recognizing that various systems within the body can significantly impact brain health. Here are some key aspects where functional medicine differs:

  1. Diet and Nutrition: Functional medicine practitioners consider the role of diet in mental health. Nutrient deficiencies, food intolerances, and imbalanced diets can contribute to mood disorders, anxiety, and depression. Addressing dietary factors can lead to significant improvements in mental well-being.
  2. Gut Health: The gut-brain connection is a well-established concept in functional medicine. An imbalanced gut microbiome (dysbiosis) can lead to inflammation and affect brain health. Addressing gut issues through diet, probiotics, and lifestyle changes can alleviate mental health symptoms.
  3. Hormonal Imbalances: Hormones play a crucial role in mood regulation. Functional medicine practitioners assess hormone levels, particularly in cases of hormone-related mood disorders such as premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and perimenopausal depression.
  4. Toxic Exposures: Functional medicine considers environmental factors and toxic exposures. Heavy metals, pesticides, and other toxins can disrupt brain function and contribute to mental health challenges. Detoxification strategies may be employed to address these issues.
  5. Inflammation: Chronic inflammation is associated with various mental health disorders. Functional medicine aims to identify and address the root causes of inflammation, including dietary choices, allergies, and autoimmune conditions.

The Role of Food Intolerances in Mental Health

One often overlooked aspect of mental health is food intolerances. Certain foods, particularly gluten and dairy, are known to trigger adverse reactions in susceptible individuals. These reactions can manifest as mood swings, anxiety, brain fog, and other cognitive and emotional symptoms. Identifying and eliminating trigger foods can lead to remarkable improvements in mental well-being.

The Importance of Comprehensive Testing

Functional medicine practitioners employ a wide range of tests to assess various aspects of a patient's health, including:

Personalized Treatment Plans

Functional medicine recognizes that each individual is unique, and mental health challenges can have diverse underlying causes. By conducting comprehensive assessments and considering the interactions between different bodily systems, functional medicine practitioners develop personalized treatment plans. These plans often include dietary modifications, targeted supplementation, lifestyle changes, and stress management strategies.

The complexities of mental health diagnosis and treatment require a more comprehensive approach than what traditional methods often offer. Functional medicine addresses mental well-being from a holistic perspective, taking into account factors like diet, gut health, hormones, and toxic exposures. By considering the interplay between these systems, functional medicine provides a more nuanced understanding of mental health challenges and offers personalized strategies for improvement. If you or a loved one are navigating mental health concerns, consulting with a functional medicine practitioner may provide valuable insights and a path to holistic well-being.

Life often throws us curveballs, and it's easy to find ourselves feeling down or stressed. However, there's a potent combination of tools at your disposal that can help you combat these feelings and boost your mood – exercise and healthy eating. In this blog, we'll explore how you can harness the power of these two pillars of wellness to improve your mood and overall mental well-being.

1. The Mood-Boosting Magic of Exercise

Physical activity is a natural mood enhancer, and its benefits extend far beyond just physical fitness. When you engage in exercise, your body releases a surge of endorphins – those feel-good chemicals that can help alleviate stress, anxiety, and depression. Here's how to make the most of this mood-boosting magic:

A. Find an Activity You Enjoy: To make exercise a sustainable part of your routine, choose activities you genuinely love. Whether it's dancing, hiking, swimming, or simply taking brisk walks, enjoyable exercises are more likely to become habits.

B. Mix It Up: Variety is the spice of life, and it applies to your workouts too. Mixing different types of exercises can keep things interesting and prevent boredom. Consider blending cardio, strength training, and flexibility exercises.

C. Set Realistic Goals: Start small and set achievable fitness goals. Whether it's walking for 30 minutes a day or gradually increasing the weight you lift, hitting these milestones can be immensely satisfying and boost your confidence.

D. Prioritize Consistency: Consistency is key when it comes to reaping the mood-boosting benefits of exercise. Schedule your workouts like appointments and make them non-negotiable parts of your routine.

2. Fueling Your Mood with Healthy Eating

Just as exercise impacts your mood, so does your diet. What you eat can play a significant role in your mental well-being. Here's how to harness the power of healthy eating to boost your mood:

A. Balanced Nutrition: Focus on a balanced diet rich in whole foods, including fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and healthy fats. These nutrient-dense foods provide your body with essential vitamins and minerals necessary for optimal brain function.

B. Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Incorporate sources of omega-3 fatty acids, such as fatty fish (salmon, trout, mackerel), flaxseeds, and walnuts, into your diet. Omega-3s have been linked to improved mood and reduced symptoms of depression.

C. Hydration: Staying hydrated is essential for brain function. Dehydration can lead to fatigue, irritability, and decreased cognitive performance. Aim to drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day.

D. Blood Sugar Regulation: Avoid blood sugar spikes and crashes by consuming complex carbohydrates like whole grains and legumes, which provide sustained energy. Pair these with protein and healthy fats to stabilize blood sugar levels.

3. The Mind-Body Connection

Exercise and healthy eating don't operate in isolation; they are deeply interconnected. Engaging in regular physical activity can make you more mindful of your dietary choices. Conversely, nourishing your body with wholesome foods can provide the energy and nutrients needed for productive workouts. Here's how to embrace the mind-body connection:

A. Mindful Eating: Practice mindful eating by paying attention to your body's hunger and fullness cues. Avoid eating out of stress or boredom, and savor each bite to enhance your mealtime experience.

B. Pre-Workout Fuel: Consume a balanced snack or meal before exercising to provide your body with the necessary energy. Opt for a combination of carbohydrates, protein, and fats to fuel your workout effectively.

C. Post-Workout Recovery: After exercising, prioritize post-workout recovery nutrition. This includes consuming protein to aid in muscle repair and carbohydrates to replenish glycogen stores.

D. Hydration Matters: Stay hydrated before, during, and after exercise. Proper hydration supports optimal physical performance and cognitive function.

4. Consistency Is Key

While exercise and healthy eating can provide immediate mood-enhancing effects, long-term benefits require consistency. Make these positive habits a part of your daily routine, and over time, you'll likely notice a significant improvement in your mood and overall well-being.

Incorporating exercise and healthy eating into your lifestyle isn't just about physical health; it's also a powerful strategy for promoting mental and emotional well-being. By prioritizing these two pillars of wellness, you can harness their combined strength to boost your mood, reduce stress, and enjoy a happier, more fulfilling life.

Quality sleep is essential for overall health and well-being, yet many individuals struggle with sleep-related issues. In this blog post, we'll explore how a functional medicine perspective can help improve your sleep. From managing exposure to blue light to creating a soothing sleep environment, functional medicine offers holistic strategies for a restful night's sleep.

Understanding Functional Medicine

Functional medicine takes a comprehensive view of an individual's health, considering the interconnected systems of the body. Rather than merely addressing symptoms, it seeks to identify and treat the underlying causes of health challenges. When it comes to sleep, functional medicine recognizes the importance of various factors that influence sleep quality.

1. Manage Exposure to Blue Light

The use of electronic devices such as smartphones, tablets, and computers exposes us to blue light, which can disrupt our circadian rhythms and hinder the production of melatonin, a hormone that regulates sleep. Functional medicine emphasizes the importance of limiting exposure to blue light, especially before bedtime.

  • Recommendations: Consider installing blue light-blocking applications on your devices, using blue light-blocking glasses, or simply reducing screen time in the hours leading up to bedtime.

2. Create an Optimal Sleep Environment

Functional medicine encourages creating a sleep-conducive environment in your bedroom. Factors such as temperature, lighting, noise, and comfort can significantly impact your sleep quality.

  • Temperature: Keep your bedroom cool, ideally between 60-67°F (15-20°C). A cooler room can promote better sleep.
  • Darkness: Ensure your bedroom is dark and free from artificial light sources. Consider blackout curtains to block out streetlights or early morning sunlight.
  • Noise: Minimize noise disruptions by using white noise machines or earplugs if necessary. A quiet environment is conducive to restful sleep.
  • Comfort: Invest in a comfortable mattress and pillows that provide adequate support for your body. The right bedding can make a significant difference in your sleep quality.

3. Limit Evening TV and Screen Time

Functional medicine practitioners emphasize reducing screen time in the evening, as the blue light emitted from screens can interfere with your body's natural sleep-wake cycle.

  • Recommendations: Instead of watching TV or scrolling through your phone, engage in relaxing activities such as reading a book, practicing gentle yoga, or listening to calming music.

4. Redecorate for Coziness and Serenity

Transforming your bedroom into a peaceful sanctuary can have a positive impact on your sleep. Functional medicine recognizes the significance of creating a space that promotes relaxation.

  • Décor: Choose soothing and calming colors for your bedroom decor. Earthy tones and soft hues can create a tranquil atmosphere.
  • Clutter-Free: Keep your bedroom clutter-free and organized. A tidy space can contribute to a sense of calm and order.
  • Personal Touch: Add personal touches like comfortable blankets, plush pillows, or your favorite artwork to make your bedroom inviting and cozy.

5. Maintain a Consistent Bedtime Routine

Functional medicine encourages the establishment of a regular sleep schedule. Going to bed and waking up at the same times each day helps regulate your body's internal clock.

  • Routine: Develop a bedtime routine that signals to your body that it's time to wind down. This might include activities like gentle stretching, meditation, or a warm, caffeine-free beverage.

6. Morning Sunlight Exposure

Exposure to natural sunlight in the morning can help reset your circadian rhythm, promoting better sleep at night.

  • Recommendations: Spend time outdoors in the morning, whether it's taking a walk or simply enjoying your breakfast on the patio. The exposure to natural light can improve your sleep-wake cycle.

Conclusion: Holistic Sleep Improvement

Incorporating these functional medicine principles into your sleep routine can lead to significant improvements in sleep quality. By managing exposure to blue light, creating a comfortable sleep environment, and establishing a consistent bedtime routine, you can enhance your chances of enjoying restorative sleep. Remember that sleep is a vital component of overall health, and addressing sleep-related issues from a holistic perspective can have far-reaching benefits for your well-being.

 

Hormones play a vital role in regulating various functions within the body, and when they are imbalanced, it can lead to a range of health issues. One common hormonal imbalance that affects many individuals, particularly women, is estrogen dominance. In this blog post, we'll delve into the concept of estrogen dominance, explore its potential causes and symptoms, and discuss the difference between frank and relative estrogen dominance.

Understanding Estrogen Dominance

Estrogen is a crucial hormone in both men and women, responsible for regulating the menstrual cycle, bone health, and more. However, when estrogen levels become disproportionate to other hormones like progesterone, it can result in estrogen dominance. This hormonal imbalance can occur for various reasons and may manifest differently in different individuals.

Frank Estrogen Dominance

Frank estrogen dominance is a condition where estrogen levels significantly outweigh progesterone levels. This imbalance is typically caused by external factors, such as:

  1. Excessive Estrogen Production: Certain medical conditions, like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can lead to increased estrogen production.
  2. Estrogen-Mimicking Chemicals: Exposure to environmental toxins, such as xenoestrogens found in plastics and pesticides, can mimic the effects of estrogen in the body.
  3. Hormone Replacement Therapy (HRT): Some forms of HRT or birth control can contribute to frank estrogen dominance.

Symptoms of Frank Estrogen Dominance

Individuals with frank estrogen dominance may experience a range of symptoms, including:

Relative Estrogen Dominance

Relative estrogen dominance, on the other hand, occurs when estrogen levels are normal, but there is insufficient progesterone to balance them. This can be due to various factors, such as:

  1. Stress: Chronic stress can lead to adrenal gland dysfunction, which affects progesterone production.
  2. Anovulatory Cycles: Women may experience cycles where they do not ovulate, resulting in lower progesterone levels.
  3. Perimenopause: As women approach menopause, hormone levels fluctuate, and progesterone production may decrease while estrogen remains stable.

Symptoms of Relative Estrogen Dominance

The symptoms of relative estrogen dominance can overlap with those of frank estrogen dominance and may include:

Addressing Estrogen Dominance

If you suspect you may have estrogen dominance, whether frank or relative, it's essential to consult with a healthcare provider, preferably one well-versed in functional medicine. They can assess your hormonal balance through comprehensive testing and create a personalized treatment plan.

Balancing Hormones Naturally

Treatment approaches for estrogen dominance can vary, but many individuals find relief through natural methods, including:

  1. Dietary Changes: Adopting an anti-inflammatory diet rich in whole foods and low in processed sugars can help balance hormones.
  2. Stress Management: Practices like meditation, yoga, and deep breathing exercises can reduce stress levels, supporting healthy hormone production.
  3. Supplements: In some cases, supplements like chasteberry (Vitex agnus-castus) or DIM (diindolylmethane) may assist in hormone regulation.
  4. Lifestyle Adjustments: Prioritizing sleep, reducing exposure to xenoestrogens, and incorporating regular exercise into your routine can promote hormonal balance.
  5. Bioidentical Hormone Replacement Therapy (BHRT): For severe cases, BHRT may be recommended by a healthcare provider to restore hormonal balance.

Estrogen dominance is a complex hormonal imbalance that can affect both women and men. Understanding the difference between frank and relative estrogen dominance is essential in determining the underlying causes and developing a tailored approach to rebalancing hormones. By addressing this imbalance through natural methods and seeking guidance from a qualified healthcare provider, individuals can take steps toward hormonal harmony and improved overall health.

Areas Served

Dr. Pedro Gonzalez, MD is based in Chicago/Illinois, and serves patients throughout Illinois, Florida and Texas. These areas include but are not limited to Chicago Loop, Lincoln Park, Near North Side, River North, West Town, Streeterville, Lake View, Logan Square, Little Village, Bridgeport, Oak Park, Oakbrook, Harwood Heights, Arlington Heights, Bucktown, Old Town, Maywood, Lincoln Square, Edgewater, Evanston, Cook County, Lake County.

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